Summary [4] It has become naturalized along the Atlantic coastal plain north to Long Island Sound and into areas of the lower Midwest. We love Adam’s needle (Yucca filamentosa) for its strong form, wide range of hardiness and dramatic midsummer flowers. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. 'Bright Edge', a dwarf cultivar with yellow-margined foliage and creamy flowers tinged with green, has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Growing to 3 m (10 ft) tall, it is an evergreen shrub valued in horticulture for its architectural qualities. Resource Type. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. [6], Usually trunkless, it is multisuckering with heads of 75 cm (30 in) long, filamentous, blue-green, strappy leaves. Adam’s Needle A small evergreen shrub, Yucca filamentosa develops thick rosettes of grey-green leaves that terminate into a sharp point. General Comments: Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to … Yucca filamentosa is found from southeast Virginia south to Florida, and as far west as south and southeast Texas. Yucca is a representative of the xeric "Southwestern-accent" landscape plants (even though it is native to the southeastern United States). An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. Y. filamentosa is readily distinguished from other yucca species by white, thready filaments along the leaf margins. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. 1753. Britton, N.L., and A. Yucca filamentosa, Adam’s needle and thread, is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae native to the southeastern United States. In late spring a 3- to 6-foot stalk appears with cluster of white, bell-shaped flowers. bracteata Engelm. This plant is fully hardy, despite looking as though it belongs in a hot desert environment. Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to the southeastern United States. Native Range: Central and eastern United States, Tolerate: Rabbit, Deer, Drought, Erosion, Dry Soil, Shallow-Rocky Soil, Air Pollution. May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC. Entry for Yucca filamentosa Linnaeus [family AGAVACEAE] Herbarium. Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adam’s needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. Flowers white or cream, bell- or cup-shaped, drooping, in tall clusters (panicles), most are heavily scented at night. Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adams needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. Dry slopes. Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yucca_filamentosa&oldid=983678858, Flora of the Great Lakes region (North America), Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'Golden Sword' - similar to 'Bright Edge', but larger, 'Ivory Tower' - creamy white flowers tinged with green, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 16:27. Native range: Southeastern U.S. from Texas to South Florida. Yucca filamentosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. Origin and Habitat: Yucca filamentosa is a species of flowering plant in the family Agavaceae native to the southeastern United States as far west as Louisiana and as far north as Maryland and West Virginia. Treatment Author(s) Deer tend to avoid this plant. Yucca filamentosa, Adam's Needle is available at Toadshade Wildflower Farm, a mail order nursery in Frenchtown, NJ, that specializes in native perennial wildflower plants and seeds. Yucca fruit can be cooked and eaten after the seeds are removed; the large petals are used in salads. The evergreen leaves are arranged in a rosette on the ground. Exposure: Full sun to partial shade. No serious insect or disease problems. Its striking texture will draw attention. Bear grass is native to the southeastern United States, including the UNF campus. Fruit are fleshy or dry capsules, not usually seen outside of their native range since flowers much be pollinated by the yucca moth. Adams needle yucca (Yucca filamentosa) is a plant in the agave family that is native to the Southeastern United States. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Interesting Facts. Yucca filamentosa,[1] Adam’s needle and thread,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae[3] native to the southeastern United States. Adam's Needle, or simply Yucca, is a broadleaf evergreen shrub with a unique form. Yucca filamentosa. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Linnaeus, Species Plantarum 1: 319. Yucca filamentosa var. Florece a finales de la primavera o bien entrado el verano según la zona geográfica. [4] They are pollinated by the yucca moth Tegeticula yuccasella. This plant is most commonly found in sandy soils, especially in beach scrub and dunes, but also in fields, barrens, and rocky slopes, though it grows well also in silt or clay soils. It is naturally a focal point in the landscape, also providing a tropical touch in temperate gardens. [14], Once the seeds have been removed, the fruits can be cooked and eaten. filamentosa translates as "with filaments," referring to the thready leaf margins. Adam’s Needle is aptly named: the sword-like leaves, up to 1m long, have curly filaments along the edge. Adam's needle needs coarse, dry, sandy soils with lots of … Today, the plant is used primarily as an ornamental in the garden. Y. filamentosa is widely cultivated in mild temperate and subtropical climates. Flora of North America (FNA) Collection. Germination may be variable, but if you plant plenty of the seeds, some will sprout. It features yellowish-white flowers, which bloom in clusters on 3- to 6-foot panicles reaching above the foliage, May-July. Adam's needle, or Yucca filamentosa, is a drought-tolerant, cold-hardy plant with impressive summer flowers and an architectural form. The yucca plant and the yucca moth are totally dependent upon one another for their existence. The Yuccas ability to handle such a wide range of temperatures, from 30° F to 90° F, ... Adam’s Needle- Yucca filamentosa. Yucca filamentosa is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in) at a medium rate. Leaves appear as though they have been shaved because leaf margins bear curved, filamentous threads of leaf tissue. Can be propagated easily from basal offsets. Approximately twenty to thirty species of Yucca are found in North and Central America and the Caribbean. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30” long and to 4” wide) with long filamentous (as per specific epithet) curly threads along the margins. Yucca is a drought-tolerant shrub with stemless, stiff evergreen leaves that end in a narrow point. [7] Flower stems up to 3 m (10 ft) tall bear masses of pendulous cream flowers in early summer. It is found in a wide range of habitats like open woods, prairies, and hills. Fibrous leaves were pulled apart and used for making rope or twine. In … The species is also reportedly naturalized in France, Italy and Turkey. Yucca filamentosa -- Adam’s Needle Page 3 October 1999 Use and Management Adam’s Needle can be used as a specimen to accent an area in the landscape. Adam's-needle is native to southeastern North America, but is occasionally found outside its native range due to being widely cultivated. Purpose. Suitable for seaside gardens or areas which receive road salt runoff. Pl., 1: 319. Adds architectural height. [15], The leaves, stems and roots of this plant can be used to stun fish. It needs full sun and a well-drained soil, preferring an acid or slightly alkaline pH range of 5.5 to 7.5. Growing to 3 m (10 ft) tall, it is an evergreen shrub valued in horticulture for its architectural qualities. NATIVE INFO Native Range. mexicana S.Schauer; Yucca filamentosa … Yucca filamentosa is a native species and can be found in several states in the United States. University Press of Florida, Gainesville. [10], Yucca filamentosa is found from southeast Virginia south to Florida, and as far west as south and southeast Texas. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. Yucca is a plant for all seasons and many types of climate and cultural conditions. Yucca Species: filamentosa Family: Asparagaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): The Native Americans used it for a variety of purposes including food, medicine, cordage and soap. Preferred temperature for germination: 82-90 degrees F ... Yucca filamentosa (1) Call us or email us to arrange a time to come out, or for delivery. However, the types of environment it needs is fairly consistent. It is normally hardy down to −15 °C (5 °F) (USDA hardiness zones of 5 to 9: UK H5). Entry From. [16] The Cherokee used it for this purpose.[17]. Yucca filamentosa, commonly called Adams needle, Spanish bayonet, yucca and needle palm, is a virtually stemless broadleaf evergreen shrub (though it looks more like a perennial than a shrub) that is native to beaches, sand dunes and fields from South Carolina south to Florida and Mississippi. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Will form a small colony over time from basal offsets.Genus name comes from the Carbi name for manihot, also called cassava or yuca, which is not closely related but has similarly enlarged root structures.Specific epithet means with filaments or threads. Its 40–50 species are notable for their rosettes of evergreen, tough, sword-shaped leaves and large terminal panicles of white or whitish flowers.They are native to the hot and dry parts of the Americas and the Caribbean.Early reports of the species were confused with the cassava (Manihot esculenta). It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30 long and to 4 wide) with long filamentous (as per s… The plant blooms by growing a central spike up to 8' (2.4 m) high, covered with drooping, cream-colored flowers about 2" (5 cm) in size. Continue reading for more Adams needle information, as well as tips on growing Adams needle yucca plants. Leaves form a foliage clump to 2-3’ tall. Yucca also come in a variety of colors, including the deep green Yucca gloriosa and the canary yellow Yucca filamentosa ‘Color Guard’. Division type: clump, off-shoot They need well drained soil with plenty of grit added. Like several other yuccas, Adam’s needle has thin, wiry curls or filaments on the leaves (hence the species filamentosa). Surprising tolerance for some part shade. [4], Its common names include Adam's needle, common yucca, Spanish bayonet,[5] bear-grass, needle-palm, silk-grass, and spoon-leaf yucca. Adam's needle is a slow-growing native plant found scattered through the woods in the southeastern United States (Fig. Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Description: Evergreen to 3 ft with a 4-8 ft flower stalk. Life Cycle: Perennial Recommended Propagation Strategy: Division Root Cutting Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: Long Island and PA, s. to FL and LA Distribution: Flora of North America, Vol 26, Names. This plant is also called Spanish Bayonet, or Adam’s Needle , referring to the sharp tip at the end of each leaf. Easily grown in light, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. [8][9] Other moth species, such as Tegeticula intermedia, also use this yucca as a host plant to lay their eggs. Native Range: MA to WI, south to s FL & e. TX. Compost is recommended when planting. USDA Hardiness Zone: 7-10. Once planted and established, it is difficult to remove, as the roots keep sending up new shoots for many years. It is reportedly also naturalized in France, Italy and Turkey.[11]. 1). Brown. Yucca filamentosa . laevigata Engelm. It was an important plant to Native Americans who used its fibers for cord and cloth, and the roots as a shampoo. It features a basal rosette of rigid, sword-shaped, spine-tipped green leaves (to 30 long and to 4 wide) with long filamentous (as per s… [12][13] ‘Color Guard’, with broad yellow stripes all year plus red stripes in the winter, has also won the award. Plants stay small, growing no more than about 3 feet tall. The large flower petals can also be eaten in salads. It has escaped cultivation and extended its original range north into New England. It has also been planted in mass on 3- to 4-foot centers to form a ground … Borders. Yucca filamentosa Linnaeus [family AGAVACEAE], Sp. Agave can range in color from the ghostly blue-green of Agave tequilana to the vibrant yellow and green Agave desmettiana ‘Variegata’. Reference Sources. This unique relationship is … Dry, sandy, sunny spots from Massachusetts south to Florida and Texas and west to Nebraska and Kansas. May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC. 3 vols. A fairly compact species, it nevertheless presents a striking appearance with its sword-like leaves and dramatic flowerheads. The flowers attract bees and butterflies. Yucca is a genus of perennial shrubs and trees in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Agavoideae. Flora of North America. Yucca filamentosa var. The "yucca flower" is the state flower of New Mexico. Dry garden areas. It is in leaf all year, in flower from July to August. Fruits are elliptical dehiscent capsules. Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida i–x, 1–806. Family: Agavaeae. Yucca filamentosa var. Moisture: Average to dry (Drought Tolerant) High Salt Tolerance. It develops a large, fleshy, white taproot with deep lateral roots. The stemless rosettes of leaves stand proud on the ground. Yucca Plants & Cold Temperatures. In their inland range they are subject to hard frosts. Also may be grown in large containers. Yucca filamentosa f. genuina Engelm. May 30, 2013 Shopping Center Parking Lot Charlotte, NC 1913. Flowering Habits of Agave and Yucca In late spring, a flowering stalk rises from the center of each rosette, typically to 5-8’ tall, but infrequently to 12’ tall, bearing a long terminal panicles of nodding bell-shaped creamy white flowers. They range from relatively small, trunkless species to tall, branched trees. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Hand. Tolerant of poor, sandy soils, heat, drought, and salt spray. Y. filamentosa is closely related to Yucca flaccida and it is possible they should be classified as a single species. Yucca is the Caribbean name for Cassava, originally misidentified as another species of Yucca. 1753. Yucca filamentosa is native to south-central and south-eastern United States, from the great plains to the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic. The leaf terminates in a sharp spine.