From other Scripture, however, it appears that fire is typical generally of judgment of sin and sanctification of the saint (cf. Thayer defines it, “Money which in purchases is given as a pledge that the full amount will subsequently be paid.”21 The Holy Spirit Himself rather than His gifts is the Earnest. 4:4-7). His movements are not governed by human will. From the various uses of oil in the Bible, we may conclude that oil bespeaks of holiness, sanctification, revelation, illumination, dedication, and healing. On the occasion of Pentecost, a “sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind” was heard. He has been introduced thither by the blood of the Lord Jesus Christ, and nothing should be suffered to take him thence. As Charles Hodge puts it, “The personality of the Spirit has been the faith of the Church from the beginning. The very character of His works makes it impossible to interpret the Scriptures properly without assuming His personality. Yet He is also distinct from them. The attribute of grace is found in two titles, (16) Spirit of Grace (Heb 10:29), and (17) Spirit of Grace and Supplication (Zech 12:10). Procession like the eternal generation of Christ is not a matter of creation, commencement of existence, or analogous in any way with physical relationships common in the human realm. Our inheritance, our salvation, our glory, our fellowship with God, our likeness unto Him, our freedom from sin and its evils, all are represented in the token payment of the Person of the Spirit. Hence, we find the Spirit being sent into the world to reveal truth on behalf of Christ (John 16:13-15), with the special mission of making the things of Christ known and magnifying the Father and the Son. It is necessary, therefore, to allow the context to determine the meaning of the word in all of its occurrences. From the more complete discussion of His works to follow, these illustrations will be sufficient: (1) His work in creation (Gen 1:2); (2) His work in empowering (Zech 4:6); (3) His teaching ministry (John 16:13); (4) His guidance (Isa 48:16; Rom 8:14); (5) His comforting (John 14:26); (6) His prayer (Rom 8:26); (7) His work of convincing the world of sin, righteousness, and judgment (John 16:8); (8) His restraint of sin (Isa 59:19); (9) His authoritative commands (Acts 8:29; 13:2; 16:7). According to Young’s Concordance, there are one hundred and seventy-five references to oil in the Old Testament and a dozen instances in the New Testament, the most notable being Matthew 25:3-8; Hebrews 1:9; James 5:14. The reference is to the work of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost. 2 Theological Institutes, Vol. This subordination without detracting from the eternal glory and divine attributes which characterized all three Persons is illustrated abundantly in the Scriptures (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7). The proof of the deity of the Holy Spirit is extensive to the point where it is impossible to display all the possible ramifications of the argument. The work of F. E. Marsh goes far to illustrate the beauties in this type.19. The reference to baptism by fire in Matt 3:11-12 apparently is not connected with a work of the Spirit at any time, referring rather to the purging accomplished by Christ Himself for the nation Israel at His second coming, and by application, the destruction of the flesh and its works at the judgment seat of Christ. The Holy Spirit is not just a person; He is a divine Person. The figure would seem to indicate that the presence and power of the Holy Spirit is our protection from the world and our official vestment. (1) The Spirit of Adoption (Rom 8:15) has reference to His revelation of our adoption as sons. The third proof that the Holy Spirit is a real person is from the fact, that personal qualities are, in Scripture, ascribed to the Holy Spirit. They seem to bear no special relation to chronology, as they appear chiefly in Isaiah (750 B.C. Amen. Recommended Resource: The Holy Spirit by Charles Ryrie An extensive argument for the deity of the Holy Spirit is found in His works, the extended study of which will be the subject of later discussion. It has few opponents even in the chaotic period of theology; and in modern times has been denied by none but Socinians, Arians, and Sabellians.”4. They were to be clothed with power. In Exodus it is as the Spirit of wisdom that He is specially-and exclusively-regarded. While it is not the purpose of the present discussion to examine the nature of His works, it is sufficient proof of His personality merely to name them. If it may be assumed here that God possesses personality, if the Holy Spirit is a Person of the Trinity, He in turn possesses personality. The Scriptures explicitly affirm that the Holy Spirit exercises a moral and sovereign will comparable to that of the other Persons of the Trinity. The Bible provides many details about Him that point to His personhood, yet many of us do not think of the Spirit as someone we can know. F. E. 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